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听力·如何听建议、行动、计划

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听力·如何听建议、行动、计划

关于建议、行动和计划高考听力试题包括说话者建议做某事、决定做某事、让某人做某事等。常问方式有:

What does the man (woman) suggest the woman (man) do?

Why don’t you…?

How (What) about…?

请看一个实例:

What does the speaker recommend to do to improve the situation?(广州卷)

A. To enlarge city centers.

B. To move to the areas outside the city.

C. To make good use of existing space.

相应的录音原文是:

There are seven million people in my city and everyone lives within 15 kilometers off the center. Wow! All cities of this size suffer from the modern problems of pollution, etc. You must disagree that overcrowding affects every part of our lives in the city. Here’s an example. We often face difficulties with both public and private transport. Buses can be slow and uncomfortable because all the people are using them. And using cars is almost impossible in some cities. You’ve guessed the result—traffic jam! Parking in the rush hour? Forget it! Another area of our lives that is affected is the actual space we’re living in. Space? That’s a joke! In cities people often have to share narrow stairs with strangers, move around small rooms. And 99% of homes have no gardens. This can cause problems with neighbors and stress within families.

There are two main things that could be done and I’ll get straight to the point. My first suggestion is that there should be more planning. Let’s use all the existing free space in the cities. My second recommendation would be that the government should encourage areas outside big cities to become less dependent on city centers. People would then have less reason to get on my No. 68 bus.

题干中出现了词组recommend to do sth(建议做某事),如果在听力原文中听到与之相关的词汇,如:advise, suggest, advice, recommendation, suggestion等,一般而言,则正确答案应该就在这些词出现的不远处。对于此题而言,其关键信息词是suggestion和recommendation,根据句子My first suggestion is that there should be more planning可判定答案为C。

请再看一个实例:

What does the speaker advice volunteers to do? (湖北卷)

A. To learn some tree-planting skills.

B. To come along any time they like.

C. To bring along their gloves.

相应的录音原文是:

…Every one is welcome to come along anytime between 10 and 4 o’clock. Because you will be working in the mountains, I don’t think you need my advice of what sort of shoes or clothes you have to wear. And of course, gloves will be essential to protect your hands if you’re actually doing digging. So it could be really a nice day out for all families. Enjoy your day.

听力原文中出现了解题关键词advice,答案就包含在句子And of course, gloves will be essential to protect your hands if you’re actually doing digging的意思中。故答案为C。

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